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Low back pain

What is Back Pain?

Back Pain is usually experienced at the lower part of spine.  It does not have to be a specific disease but a symptom that might occur from a variety of conditions. When the joints, nerves and other structures around lower part of spine are involved in any injury, overuse or stress; it can lead to low back pain. 4 out of 5 people have experienced back pain sometime in their life time.  50% of the population will have more than one episode of back pain in their lifetime.

What are the causes of back pain?

Back Pain can arise from a variety of reasons.  Common reasons are:

  • Disease or injury to the muscle, bone and/or nerves of the spine
  • Pain arising from the abnormalities of organs within the abdomen, pelvis, or chest: known as ‘referred pain”
  • Normal pregnancy can cause back pain due to stretching of ligaments within the pelvis, irritating nerves and straining the low back
  • Nerve root syndromes, like herniated discs, sciatica
  • Spondylosis : seen in old age commonly when the disc space between the intervertebral joints is reduced, which may further cause nerve impingement marking it as a classic case of sciatica without disc rupture
  • Spinal disc degeneration
  • Musculoskeletal pain syndromes : fibromyalgia (widespread pain and pain throughout the body), and myofascial pain (pain and tenderness over localized area)
  • Tumors, perhaps cancerous, can be a cause for skeletal pain.

What are the symptoms of Back Pain?

Pain in the lower part of the spine is the primary symptom of back pain. The position and nature of pain helps locate the cause of back pain. There may be pain which radiates down to the legs – front, back or side; pain which increases or decrease with activity; night pain or pain associated with prolonged sitting and/or numbness or weakness in leg.

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